High nutritional value of potatoes
Potato is both a vegetable and a grain. It is not only rich in protein, but also has the most vitamin content in all food crops. It has all eight essential amino acids that the human body needs but cannot synthesize by itself.
2008 International Year of Potatoes The United Nations officially launched the “2008 International Year of Potatoes” on October 18.
This event will highlight the important role potatoes play in improving food safety and reducing poverty.
Although the eastern and western diets and culinary cultures vary widely, if you want to find an intersection among them, it is probably the potato, because delicious substitutes made of potatoes can be seen almost everywhere in the world.
Having said that, the United Nations also officially launched the “International Year of the Potato 2008” on October 18.
Dr. Qu Dongyu, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and chairman of the China Potato Specialty Commission, said that this is the second “crop year” established by the United Nations. As one of the world’s three major rations, potatoes are becoming more and more severe in the world todayIt must have become an indispensable “protagonist” in people’s expectations.
The United Nations Population Representative in China Zhang Zhongjun said that potatoes contain vitamin C and potassium, which can help significantly reduce the number of deaths caused by malnutrition.
In the past 20 years, China has become the world’s largest potato producer, ahead of Russia, Europe and the United States.
These were the countries and regions with the largest potato production and currently the largest consumption.
Dr. Qu Dongyu also predicted that potatoes are both vegetables and grains. In addition to protein supplements, and the vitamin content is the most comprehensive of all food crops, it also has 8 essential amino acids that the human body needs but cannot synthesize by itself.
Some nutritionists have done experiments. One serving of 148 grams of potatoes (one large potato and four or five small potatoes) can basically meet the needs of vitamins and nutrition.
Zhang Zhongjun also said that in China, potatoes are arguably the most common dish. In developed countries, potatoes are also used in a variety of ways, such as potato chips, potato cakes, mashed potatoes, and potato soup. They are also daily family recipes.Main tactics.
Consumption of compressed potatoes has doubled in the past 40 years, but is still less than in Europe.
Potatoes are not a good snack, but potatoes are not a good snack in terms of food safety.
Fan Zhihong, an associate professor at the College of Food Science, China Agricultural University, pointed out that potatoes are particularly prone to form “acrylamide” toxic substances after high temperature heating. Therefore, potato chips are the food with the highest toxic content, and French fries also have such troubles.
Therefore, be careful of potato crisps, fried chips, and snacks such as fries, not to exceed 25 grams per day.
Fortunately, the heating temperature for home cooking and stewing does not exceed 120 ° C, so it does not produce any harmful substances.
So stewed potatoes, fried potatoes, steamed potatoes, etc. can be eaten with ease.
The well-known nutritionist Professor Li Ruifen’s potato food is so rich in nutrients. It contains more protein and vitamin C, vitamin B1, and vitamin B2 than apples. The content of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium is also high, especially potassium.Content can be said to rank first among vegetables.
It contains a large amount of high-quality cellulose, which can prevent constipation and cancer.
Professor Li Ruifen, a famous nutritionist in China and a nutritionist in the General Hospital of Beijing Military Region, is a loyal fan of potatoes.
She told reporters: “Our family loves potatoes, especially my wife. He has been educated in the West since childhood, and his taste is relatively westernized. In the past, my family ate Western food 3-4 times a week, and the old man liked to eat me.Made potato cakes, this is an essential side dish for every meal.
“Potato cake method 1, the potatoes are washed, sliced, put in a pot, cooked with water, it is best to cook a little bit, the resulting potato cake will be soft and delicate.
2. Remove the potatoes from the pot, put them in a bowl and grind them with a spoon.
Then, put a small amount of fresh milk, if you feel it is thin, you can also use milk powder instead.
After mixing well, press the mashed potatoes into small round cakes with a thickness of about 1 cm. You can control the size yourself.
3. Wrap a layer of dry noodles, roll it in the egg liquid, wrap it with a layer of breadcrumbs, and fry until golden brown.
In addition to making food with potatoes, it has magical medicinal value.
Mashed potatoes is a recipe for Professor Li to treat patients with gastric ulcers.
She made a very vivid metaphor. She got stomach ulcers, and there were many small holes in her stomach, and mashed potatoes were like small plasters, which sealed them tightly.
If you eat twice a day in the abdomen, the condition will improve significantly from 20 days to about a month.
For children 4-6 months old, mashed potatoes are an important food for them to practice “opening the gate.”
Professor Li said that the children will start to eat from 4 months. At this time, parents can feed them more mashed potatoes (smashed potatoes, add salt and milk), not only can provide the baby with the necessary growthRich in nutrition, it can also help them practice the upper and lower chewing function of the teeth.
Five ways to eat potatoes in China According to Chen Linsheng, a senior catering member of the Great Hall of the People, in a Chinese state banquet, tomato beef potatoes and canned beef potatoes are two main dishes, while mashed potatoes and potato salad are indispensable dishes for foreign guests.
For ordinary banquets or ordinary home-cooked dishes, the Chinese most love potatoes are fried, braised, stewed, braised and braised.
Fried: Mainly fried potato chips and potato shreds, served with green pepper slices or carrot shreds, crispy on the outside and soft on the inside, crisp and tender.
熘: Mainly 熘 potato chips and diced potatoes. In addition to maintaining the characteristics of fried potatoes, it adds a little smoothness.
Stew: The potato stew represented by Northeast uncooked stew is mainly stewed potato nuggets and potato chips. In winter, come a large pot of stew, which is not only sandy and noodles, but also loose and delicious, and warm and warm. 炝: It is mashed potato shreds and diced potatoes, an authentic side dish, crispy, light and refreshing.
烀: It is 烀 (hū) potato sauce, which is the simplest potato dish.